In order to understand better what visceral organs are, it’s important that you first of all know the meaning the word viscera. This is actually a medical term used to refer to the thoracic and abdominal cavities of the human body. Visceral organs are therefore those organs which are found within the thoracic and abdominal cavities of our body. The key among these organs are the heart, lungs, liver, kidney, stomach and the intestines. Let’s have a quick look at each of the organs.
i. The Heart
Is one of the most important organs in the human body, and its functions are just irreplaceable. The heart is found within the thoracic cavity and serves the main function of pumping blood to all parts of the body. Have you ever wondered whether the heart usually rests or not? Well…., the answer is almost unbelievable but it’s the reality we should always embrace. Your heart started beating a few seconds after birth and has never stopped up to date. This is possible since the heart muscles can always relax and contract repeatedly without fatigue.
Just like the heart, lungs is also a visceral organ found within the thoracic cavity. They work in close association with the heart. The lungs oxygenates blood after which the heart pumps it to the rest of the body parts where it aids respiration in the cells and body tissues. In simple terms, the main role of the lungs is to facilitate gaseous exchange. It’s therefore the lungs which ensures that oxygen is taken in to the blood stream and carbon (VI) oxide removed to the atmosphere.
The liver is also another giant visceral organ whose functions are beyond what we can possible imagine. It’s the center of digestion of fats and also serves some necessary homeostatic functions in the human body. For instance, fats are emulsified by the bile salts from the liver. Additionally, blood sugar regulation, thermoregulation and detoxification are among the homeostatic functions performed by the liver.
Unlike lungs and the heart, kidney is found within the abdominal cavity as the liver. It also have some homeostatic roles which are key to well-functioning of the body. The kidney helps in blood purification as well as in such homeostatic functions like water and salt regulation in the body.
This four are just the key of the many other visceral organs. Proper needs to be always taken so that they remain in good working condition.
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